TMJ or TMD?
There is typically confusion about the difference between TMJ and TMD. TMJ is an an abbreviation for the temporomandibular joint, although it is commonly used to describe temporomandibular disorder (TMD). Referring to jaw problems as TMJ does not accurately describe the jaw condition, but only refers to the jaw itself. A more accurate term would be TMD, TMJ disorder, or TMJ syndrome.
Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD)
What is commonly referred to as TMJ, is actually TMD, the painful inflammation of the temporomandibular joint. Millions of Americans suffer from chronic facial and neck pain as well as recurring headaches, which is often due to TMD.
Your temporomandibular joints (TMJ) connect your lower jawbone to your skull. These joints get a lot of use throughout the day as you speak, chew, swallow, and yawn. Pain in and around these joints can be unpleasant and may even restrict movement.
Symptoms of TMD
The following symptoms are often associated with TMD:
- Pain in the jaw area
- Pain, ringing, or stuffiness in the ears
- Frequent headaches or neck aches
- Clicking or popping sound when the jaw moves
- Swelling on the sides of the face
- Muscle spasms in the jaw area
- A change in the alignment of top and bottom teeth
- Locked jaw or limited opening of the mouth
If you notice any of these symptoms, let your doctor know. Your dentist can help indicate the presence of TMD and create an effective treatment just for you.
There are a few simple steps you can take at home or work to prevent TMD from becoming more severe, or to prevent it from occurring:
- Relax your face—remember the rule: "Lips together, teeth apart"
- Avoid grinding your teeth
- Avoid constant gum chewing
- Don't cradle the phone receiver between your head and shoulder — either use a headset or hold the receiver in your hand
- Chew food evenly on both sides of your mouth
- Do not sit with your chin rested on your hand
- Practice good posture — keep your head up, back straight, and shoulders squared
If you experience jaw pain or other TMD symptoms, contact our Las Vegas dentist office.